Focalin is the brand name for dexmethylphenidate, a prescription drug used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which was approved by the FDA in 2005. Focalin, like the related drug methylphenidate, works by stimulating the central nervous system. Focalin is contraindicated in patients who have heart disorders, because it may lead to sudden death. Drugs.com notes that Focalin, like other stimulants, can slow a child's growth. There are several other possible treatments for ADHD.
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Strattera is the brand name for the prescription drug, atomoxetine, which works by boosting levels of norepinephrine in the brain. Unlike Focalin, Strattera is not a stimulant. According to Helpguide.org, nonstimulant drugs are usually prescribed if stimulants prove ineffective or cause intolerable side effects. Stattera has antidepressant properties so may be a good choice for people who have ADHD and depression. Common side effects include headache, sleepiness, mood swings and nausea.
Adderall is an oral prescription medication for ADHD that combines the drugs, amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Like Focalin, it stimulates the central nervous system and it also blocks the reabsorption of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine. People who are allergic to amphetamine or dextroamphetamine should not take Adderall. It is also contraindicated in people with heart disease, atherosclerosis, glaucoma, an overactive thyroid or severe anxiety, notes Drugs.com. Like all stimulants, Adderall may slow growth. Common side effects include constipation, weight loss, dry mouth and insomnia.
Daytrana, which was approved by the FDA in 2006, is the first skin patch for the treatment of ADHD, notes the University of Maryland Medical Center. It is made with methylphenidate, the same drug as Ritalin, and therefore it stimulates the central nervous system. Patients usually apply the Daytrana patch in the morning and leave it in place for 9 hours. Since Daytrana may be habit-forming, patches should not be left in place any longer than the doctor prescribes. Daytrana is not suitable for patients with glaucoma, a heart condition or severe anxiety. Common side effects include nausea, weight loss and a runny nose. The patch may cause red bumps to appear on the skin.