Mouth Pain in Children

Boy Crying and Mother Wiping Tears
Boy crying while mom wipes his tears (Image: MIXA next/MIXA/Getty Images)

Mouth pain is one of the most common symptoms in children. It can be caused by a number of problems ranging from a mild injury to a serious infection. If your child complains of mouth pain, examine her mouth and ask her about the specific location of the pain. Contact your child's pediatrician and be prepared to explain all symptoms your child is experiencing to obtain a proper diagnosis.

Injury

Simple injuries to the mouth are common causes of mouth pain. A child may bite her gums or lips, cut herself chewing on hard candy or injure her gums with a toothbrush. Inspect the inside of your child's mouth for any sign of abrasions or trauma. If you see open sores, pus, or bleeding wounds, contact your pediatrician. If you only see redness, your child may have irritated her mouth with salty or sweet foods. Wait a few days to see if the symptoms go away.

Teething

In babies and toddlers, the most common cause of mouth pain is teething. Gums may swell or even bleed as baby teeth cut through. In some cases, babies develop fevers. If your child is having a particularly difficult time with teething, visit your pediatrician to ensure there's not a problem. Home treatment for teething includes teething rings, hard cookies and gum numbing gel.

Oral Health Problems

Cavities and dental abscesses frequently cause mouth pain in older children. Schedule an appointment with your dentist if your child complains of periodic pain in a particular location. If your child is in extreme pain or you notice swelling and your child has a fever, the cause may be an abscess. This requires prompt dental treatment, so be sure to tell your dentist or pediatrician about all symptoms your child is experiencing. Orthodontic problems such as crowded teeth may also cause mouth pain, particularly in the jaws.

Infections

Infections such as strep throat and tonsillitis cause pain in the throat that may radiate to the ears, cheeks and gums. If your child complains of throat pain and has a fever, she may require antibiotics to treat the infection. Contact your pediatrician.

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Load comments
PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION

Copyright © 2019 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy. The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.