AndroGel is the brand name of a topical testosterone medication. AndroGel is clear and colorless, and contains 1 percent testosterone, the active ingredient. It is commonly used as a form of hormone replacement therapy for males suffering from hypogonadism, which the Mayo Clinic describes as a condition marked by a low production of testosterone. However, testosterone replacement therapy, or TRT, is most beneficial in treating cases of hypogonadism caused by testicular failure. When used daily, this medication can often reduce symptoms associated with this condition.
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One potential benefit of using AndroGel is to help stimulate puberty in boys experiencing pubertal delay as a result of hypogonadism.
AndroGel also combats osteoporosis, a potential complication of hypogonadism. Osteoporosis is characterized by a loss of bone density coupled with thinning of bone tissue due to low levels of testosterone. This causes the bones to become brittle and weak, leading to a higher risk of breaks and fractures. The application of testosterone helps to increase and maintain bone density in men, according to the Cleveland Clinic.
Another benefit of topical testosterone is an improved body composition. Abnormally low levels of testosterone can decrease muscle mass in men, explains the Mayo Clinic. It can also increase the amount of fat on the body. But by supplementing the production of testosterone, AndroGel increases lean body mass while decreasing fat mass in men suffering from hypogonadism.
Men suffering from hypogonadism can begin to develop breast tissue, according to the Mayo Clinic. This is another complication of low levels of testosterone. Using AndroGel can counteract the growth of breasts in men, also known as gynecomastia.
Both the Cleveland and Mayo Clinics agree that AndroGel can positively affect a man's mood. The low levels of testosterone associated with hypogonadism are linked to mental and emotional difficulties in men. The replacement of testosterone improves mood and and promotes a sense of well-being. It can also combat against fatigue, low libido and lack of concentration as a result of low androgen levels.