Estrogen is a female sex hormone that is responsible for many developmental, as well as other, functions in the body. It is balanced by the hormone progesterone during menstrual periods. However, the University of Maryland Medical Center notes that in conditions such as menopause, irregular cycles, endometriosis and polycystic ovarian disease, the levels of estrogen are raised, causing undesirable effects. The excess estrogen can cause mood changes, weight gain, headache pain, breast tenderness and even breast and uterine cancer. However, certain foods, such as some fruits, can naturally help balance estrogen levels in the body.
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The American Institute of Cancer Research notes that the pomegranate fruit contains many beneficial antioxidant properties as well as anti-aromatase effects. Aromatase is an enzyme that converts steroids or fats in the body into estrogen. By blocking this enzyme, pomegranate helps decrease high estrogen levels in the blood.
Grapes are another powerful antioxidant fruit that has similar effects in blocking estrogen production in the body. This fruit helps balance excess estrogen levels by inhibiting the enzyme aromatase, according to the American Institute of Cancer Research.
Figs have several health benefits, as cited by the site Medical Daily. These seed-filled fruits are packed with dietary fiber that helps reduce weight and excess fat in the body, which stores hormones. The website HealthLady.com notes that reducing fat also balances estrogen. This further dampens the effects of high estrogen in postmenopausal women and helps protect against breast cancer.
Citrus fruits, including oranges, lemons, grapefruits and mandarins, are rich in vitamin C and other nutrients. According to DrPlechner.com these fruits also help inhibit the production of estrogen levels in the body, helping to balance hormone levels. This may be due to the high antioxidant content of citrus fruits.