You may realize that some processed foods, restaurant entrees and many canned vegetables contain salt, but you may not be aware that many raw, natural vegetables also have small amounts of naturally occurring salt. If you are monitoring the amount of salt you consume, remember to factor in the salt when you eat a salad or have vegetables with your meals.
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Your body needs sodium to function properly, as sodium helps your body regulate fluid, aids in the transmission of impulses and helps muscles move, according to MayoClinic.com. A single teaspoon of standard salt has over 2,300 mg of sodium. The American Heart Association, AHA, states that the majority of American adults consume more sodium than necessary for bodily functions and that Americans take in the majority of their sodium from processed rather than natural foods. The AHA advises a maximum sodium intake of 1,500 mg per day. The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans allows up to 2,300 mg per day, assuming you are not African American, are not older than 50 and do not have diagnosed hypertension.
Root vegetables contain relatively small amounts of sodium. A single raw carrot has 50 mg of sodium, and one baby carrot has 8 mg. In contrast, 1 cup of canned carrots has 353 mg. A white baked potato has 8 mg of sodium, and a cooked sweet potato contains 42 mg. One cup of boiled, fresh turnips has only 1.7 percent of your daily sodium requirement, or 25 mg. When preparing root vegetables to eat, use dried or fresh herbs in place of table or sea salt to avoid adding more sodium to your diet.
Vine vegetables range from peas to butternut squash and offer you a variety of important nutrients such as beta-carotene, fiber and some of the B vitamins. Cucumbers have only 2 mg of sodium per cup, making them an extremely low salt choice. Peas are also low in sodium, with a cup of boiled peas containing just 6 mg of sodium. Canned peas have 428 mg in 1 cup. Frozen snap green beans have only 12 mg of sodium per cup, or 342 mg less than the same amount of canned green beans.
An average-size tomato has about 6 mg of salt; broccoli contains 29 mg per cup; and a 1-cup serving of raw cabbage has 13 mg. Celery contains larger amounts of sodium than some other vegetables, as it has 96 mg of sodium in 1 cup. Spinach and lettuces are low in sodium, with 1/2 cup of greens containing less than 10 mg of sodium. If you prefer the convenience of canned vegetables, read the nutrition label and purchase the brand that has either no sodium or very low levels of sodium.