Nutritional Value of Mesclun Greens vs. Romaine Lettuce

Salad greens are a low-calorie, nutrient-rich and tasty way to meet your daily vegetable needs. But you may wonder if one type of lettuce makes a better choice over another. When comparing mesclun greens, which are a mix of baby lettuces, to romaine lettuce, you will find that they both offer a number of health benefits, making either choice a healthy addition to your diet.

Two heads of Romaine lettuce. (Image: JamieRogers1/iStock/Getty Images)

Calories

Mesclun greens and romaine lettuce are both foods with a low energy density, which means they have a low calorie content compared to serving size. A 1-cup serving of mesclun greens contains just 10 calories, and the same size serving of shredded romaine lettuce contains 8 calories. These low energy density greens make a good choice when trying to limit your calorie intake for weight loss.

Macronutrients

The macronutrients in a food item include its carbohydrate, protein and fat content. Both lettuces are fat-free and not a significant source of either carbohydrates or protein. A 1-cup serving of mesclun greens contains 2 grams of carbohydrates and 1 gram of protein, while the same size serving of shredded romaine lettuce contains 2 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of fiber and 0.6 grams of protein.

Vitamins

Mesclun greens and romaine lettuce can help you meet some of your daily vitamin needs. Mesclun greens are a better source of vitamin C, and romaine lettuce is a better source of vitamin A. A 1-cup serving of mesclun greens meets 5 percent of your daily value for vitamin C and 30 percent of your daily value for vitamin A, while the same size serving of shredded romaine lettuce meets 3 percent of your daily value for vitamin C and 81 percent of your daily value for vitamin A. The percent daily value is a guide developed by the Food and Drug Administration to help you find healthy foods and is based on a 2,000-calorie diet for healthy adults. As antioxidants, both vitamin A and C protect your cells from free-radical damage, lowering your risk of heart disease and certain types of cancer.

Minerals

Although not significantly high in minerals, both lettuce greens can help you meet your daily calcium and iron needs, with mesclun greens being a slightly better source. A 1-cup serving of mesclun greens meets 4 percent of your daily value for both calcium and iron, and romaine lettuce meets 2 percent of your daily value for calcium and 3 percent of your daily value for iron. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in your body and is necessary for bone health. Iron makes up part of the protein that transports oxygen throughout your body.

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Load comments
PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION

Copyright © 2019 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use , Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy . The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.