Gout is a type of arthritis that results from an increase in uric acid in the joint, typically the big toe, knee or ankle joint. An overload in uric acid may occur because the body may make too much uric acid or may not be able to efficiently get rid of it. Therefore, in addition to taking medications to control gout, you can alter your diet to eat as little uric acid as possible to prevent gout flare-ups.
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Eating meat is associated with gout. To keep uric acid levels under control, limit the amount of red meat that you eat and avoid organ meat, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Meat contains high levels of proteins that are broken down to increase uric acid levels. Most meats are high in protein and should be limited to 4 to 6 oz. of meat per day.
Fish are associated with an increase in gout flare-ups. Limit your intake of fish, including mackerel, herring, anchovies and sardines, to prevent gout. Fish contain high levels of protein that are broken down into uric acid when digested. According to Medline Plus, fish oils may also increase your risk for gout.
Some vegetables also promote gout. Medline Plus states that you should limit your intake of mushrooms, spinach, asparagus and cauliflower to control uric acid levels. Eat more non-spinach lettuce, broccoli, carrots and other fruits and vegetables to maintain a balanced diet.
Medline Plus states that you should avoid fatty foods to control your risk for gout flare-ups. Avoid fatty foods, such as fried foods, sugary foods and fatty snacks, to help you control your weight. Although weight control will not likely cure your gout, it may help prevent flare-ups, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Replace simple carbohydrates found in white rice, white pastas, white breads and table sugar with complex carbohydrates, such as brown rice, brown pastas and whole-grain breads and cereals. Complex carbohydrates prevent sudden increases in your blood sugar levels, which can help prevent weight gain and the development of other medical conditions, such as diabetes.