Dextrose is a simple carbohydrate, or monosaccharide, that is also known as glucose. Your body absorbs dextrose quickly compared to other types of carbohydrates, known as complex carbohydrates. Dextrose is fat-free and is a rich source of carbohydrates, so it can provide certain health benefits, depending upon your dietary needs and goals. Dextrose is sold in powdered form.
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Rich Carbohydrate Content
Dextrose is high in carbohydrates, as a 100 gram serving contains 92 gram of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are your body's primary source of energy, so dextrose can be a good food supplement for athletes or other active individuals. Dextrose is higher in carbohydrates than even other carbohydrate-rich foods, such as spaghetti, which contains 30.86 gram of carbohydrates per 100 gram serving.
As nutrition researcher Dr. John Berardi explains on his website, PrecisionNutrition.com, dextrose is absorbed more quickly than whole foods, which can be crucial for post-workout recovery. According to Berardi, high-glycemic carbohydrates that can be consumed as a liquid -- dextrose satisfies both requirements -- can deliver nutrients to your muscles at a more rapid rate than whole foods, which can help you maximize the effects of your training sessions.
Dextrose contains no fat, which means it can be suitable for low-fat diet plans. Additionally, the lack of fat facilitates a more rapid rate of absorption, as that nutrient tends to slow digestion. Because it contains no fat, dextrose is free of saturated and trans fatty acids, which may increase your risk of heart disease.
Dextrose contains no sodium, which can be beneficial for several reasons. While you do need some sodium for proper health, consuming too much of this nutrient may lead to water retention, which can give you a bloated appearance. Additionally, high sodium intake may increase your blood pressure.
Dextrose contains no cholesterol. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, you should limit your daily cholesterol intake to 200 milligrams or less each day, as too much may increase your risk of heart disease.